Deviance + Social Control - Class Notes 10.0

The Bacha Posh Generation

1. Hair length, jewelry and clothing have long been ways that Americans have marked changes in gender norms and, even, the eradication of systematic sexism, heterosexism and transophobia.

Remember our female Navy SEAL, Riley, first discussed in class here. And how she truly became a SEAL after the simple act of shaving off all her hair?

2. Learn the story of Calamity Jane

Click here for a basic internet biography or here

How Hollywood envisioned her in the 1950s. In their version, Calamity Jane goes off and hires a beautiful showgirl to entertain her male friends, desperate for some (sexy) entertainment after a long work season in a town populated almost exclusively by men. And then befriends the showgirl, inviting her to share her cabin in the woods as roommates. The two girls really hit it off after this scene and set off on a series of adventures trying to "snag a man - i.e., husband." Both are successful in doing this and Calamity Jane puts a firm stop to her tomboy-ish work, life and ways ... Click here for a quick scene or the entire movie is below. You absolutely don't have to watch it. It is simply there for your reference.

3. Under strict Taliban rule in Afghanistan in the late 1990s and early aughts, little girls started dressing as little boys as a way to move freely in the public sphere and, even, obtain paid work.

Watch the first twenty minutes of Osama (2003) below to get a sense of what it was like to live in Kabul, Afghanistan under the Taliban. This film was made by an Afghani producer/director and featured Afghani actors. Needless to say, there is not a huge filmmaking industry in Afghanistan.

Now read the Young Adult novel The Breadwinner (2000) by Deborah Ellis in its entirety. Deborah Ellis is a Canadian and based this fictional story on her work as a journalist interview Afghani refugees.

The Breadwinner (2000) by Deborah Ellis - Part 1 of 2 

The Breadwinner (2000) by Deborah Ellis - Part 2 of 2

> Another copy of the full Breadwinner text in another format is here if you don't like the scans posted above

Finally, below is some fairly recent research on this topic

Jenny Nordberg - "Families Disguise Girls As Boys In Afghanistan" (2010) - Excerpt

More Nordberg > The Underground Girls of Kabul (2013) - Book Excerpt, Read all 13 pages and listen to this the 13 minute interview with Nordberg

4. Before the U.S. increased their military involvement in Afghanistan in 2001, the most dominant image of Afghani woman was a photograph taken by National Geographic photographer Stephen Curry. You can learn about that photograph below.

> How the rest of the world saw Afghanistan in the 1980s > Cathy Newman, "A Life Revealed, The Story of Steve McCurry and Sharbat Gula (i.e., The Afghan Girl)," National Geographic Magazine (2002) - 3 pages

5. Just as a quick note. About ten year before Stephen Curry photographed "The Afghan Girl," policies favoring gender equality were the norm in Afghanistan and Europe and the U.S. concerned it a great source of fashion and place to visit.

> How the rest of the world saw Afghanistan in the 1970s > "Lost In Time, Groovy Afghanistan" (2013) - 1 page